7 System Elements
What are the 7 System Elements?
Community development is the work of building and sustaining neighborhoods. Community development brings opportunity and services to bear on behalf of residents and businesses in a defined neighborhood. It is facilitated through Community Development Organizations (CDOs) partnering with Grass Roots Organizations (GROs) and other neighborhood stakeholders.
Community development embraces sustained resident empowerment and equity: social, economic, racial, and environmental. It strives to build social cohesion. It holistically integrates planning, community education, advocacy, resident support, and economic development in a defined neighborhood.
A structured and functioning public‐private governance and coordination system with community development stakeholders as equal partners; collaboratively shepherding all the components of the system.
- Individual, anonymous interviews with 17 Advisory Council members in Fall of 2018 identified a few areas of consensus and several areas for further discussion (common purpose, scope of authority). Discussions to finalize common purpose, roles, structure are now underway.
- In April of 2019 the BECDD Advisory Council created an “Interim System Coordination Team” of 15, including the Core Partners, 6 CDOs, 2 Foundations, 1 City official and 4 Intermediaries. This team will absorb virtually all of the Core Partners’ decision‐making roles and focus on three key system strategies: System Governance (a final oversight structure); System Projects (project concept testing by various stakeholders to build out the system elements); and System Resources (strategies to fully resource the whole system over time).
- With expert assistance, governance entity should launch in late 2019/early 2020.
2019 Task Force
- Interim System Coordination Team, leading to a permanent collaborative governance/oversight/coordination function
Systematic access to training, technical assistance, coaching and peer learning to support CDOs to play their roles in every neighborhood. Support to Grass Roots Organizations for their important role. CDO performance standards and incentives to maintain high performance. Clarity and support to intermediaries/support organizations to assure effective delivery of capacity building services.
- Intermediary System Task Force has identified some immediate CDO capacity building needs including data access/data management and Single Family Housing Rehab. Recommendations are now being developed to respond to these needs.
- The same Task Force has developed a “5 Drivers of an Effective Community Development Intermediary System” conceptual framework, as a way of clarifying an “ideal” intermediary system. Those five drivers are: Advocacy, Capacity, Coordination, Knowledge and Money. These drivers will be built out by designated intermediary stakeholders and the governance entity, as the system elements themselves are test and finalized.
- In 2018 the same Task Force recommended a concept for a ”Community Development Capacity Building Function” and presented it at the Summit. The concept was well‐received, with a caveat that individual resident leaders should also be able to access these services. Currently four stakeholder organizations – CDAD, Co.act, MCR and NEW – have agreed to form a partnership to build out and test this model. The model is expected to be constructed on the emerging “Co.act” model that begins with a central intake function.
2019 Task Force
- Intermediary System Stakeholders
A comprehensive strategy to assure public, private and legislated resources for community development work.
- The System Capitalization Task Force and consultants have been recruited and a workplan developed. The Task Force includes 6 Foundations, 4 CDOs, a city government official and 4 Intermediaries. A team of national and local consultants are conducting interviews with current CD stakeholders to document current community development capital flow in Detroit. The team is also creating cost projects over five years for an ideal system. The Task Force activated in February of 2019.
- BECDD and CEDAM have formed a statewide Joint Task Force (“Community and Neighborhood Resources”) and recommended a model now in play in 14 states, for a state‐legislated, program to incentivize private donations to community development organizations through tax credits. Work is now underway to create a statewide coalition, a CED legislative caucus, and to finalize details of a “Michigan model.”
- Expected completion of initial recommendations of both Task Forces, by Summer of 2019. Final recommendations expected by late 2019.
2019 Task Force
- System Capitalization Task Force and Joint BECDD‐CEDAM Neighborhood and Community Resources Task Force
A system to build cross‐sector relationships and trust within every neighborhood, then citywide coordination of those relationship tables to create an influential citywide neighborhood voice.
- The 2018 Vision and Values Task Force created an “Equitable Development Framework” based on national research and unique Detroit context. This includes a) a statement of “Vision for Detroit neighborhoods”, b) a statement of “Values for Community Development” and c) a definition of Equitable Development. This Framework was enthusiastically accepted at the Summit.
- The same Task Force brought to the Summit a recommended “Neighborhood Voice and Advocacy Framework” that focuses on “Neighborhood Action Tables” that are facilitated through CDOs, with a citywide entity to provide coordination, citywide advocacy and technical assistance/training.
- The concept for this framework was generally well‐received, with several suggestions for how to make it effective and long lasting.
- CDAD has made a commitment to championing the development of this element through a two‐year testing period.
2019 Task Force
- Neighborhood Voice and Advocacy Committee
An agreed‐on framework for neighborhood success, with neighborhood‐level data on community development metrics and an “index” system to measure progress.
- 2018 Success Framework Task Force developed a “Neighborhood Vitality Success Framework” including Core Indicators with definitions, data sources and geographic zones within Council districts to report on progress. The Neighborhood Vitality concept builds on a “social cohesion” model taken from research on “resilient cities.” Indicators were developed in four categories: Community Capacity, Resident Opportunity, Neighborhood Conditions and Quality of Life.
- The same Task Force created a Neighborhood Vitality Success Index measurement tool to measure qualitative and quantitative progress in neighborhood zones, based on these indicators.
- The Task Force has partnered with Mayor’s office and Health Department to include the Mayor’s and DHD’s success measures. They have also incorporated indicators of equitable development.
- These tools and concepts were brought to the 2018 Summit, with a recommendation to build out and test this Framework during 2019–2020. The general “Neighborhood Vitality” concept was well‐received. It is clear from the feedback that more work is needed to: a) drill down on the Indicators and required data to assure that the data will be useful and result in action and b) drilling down on the Neighborhood Zones to assure that the lines describing each zone make sense.
- Data Driven Detroit and JFM Consulting have emerged as the stakeholder organizations ready to work with CDOs and others to lead the build out and testing of this concept during 2019–2020.
2019 Task Force
- Neighborhood Vitality Advisory Team
A number of easily accessible education tracks and credit‐earning placements, for aspiring and current CD practitioners, youth and resident leaders; to generate a robust pipeline of community development practitioners and leaders of all ages, especially those of color from the Detroit region.
- Leadership Pipeline Task Force completed a CDO Competency Framework that was presented at the 2018 Summit to great enthusiasm. Those competencies have helped to shape CD‐related undergraduate and graduate certification tracks at LTU and WSU for Fall 2019 launch.
- UM Dearborn launched a series of CD Professional Development workshops in late 2018.
- AmeriCorps program willing to consider a pilot that would award academic credit for residents working at CDOs in AmeriCorps placements.
- BECDD and DESC/Grow Detroit Young Talent are now in conversation to develop CD apprenticeships and industry‐led training curricula for young people.
- The same Task Force has created a Community Development Career Navigation Model to support youth, resident leaders, current practitioners and career‐changers to enter careers in community development in Detroit. It was presented at the Summit. It is now important for the champion stakeholder(s) willing to build out this element, to step forward.
- This model would create a “portal” with multiple users – people looking for community development jobs and academic tracks, community development employers seeking practitioners, and individuals checking their skill/competency status. This portal would be backed up by human guidance.
- To date, a few CDOs and one other intermediary organization has expressed interest in building out and testing this model in 2019–2020. It is now important for the champion stakeholder(s) willing to build out this element, to step forward.
2019 Task Force
- Leadership Pipeline Stakeholders
City government support for community development through the recognition of CDOs as critical partners, the provision of city funding for the work, and ongoing partnerships with CDOs to help fulfill the city’s master plan and other neighborhood plans.
- City Partnership Task Force finished recommended Principles of Engagement for Detroit government and neighborhoods and presented them at the Summit, where they were well received.
- The same Task Force has generated a CD‐City Government Partnership Opportunity List complete with some early action projects – one of which focuses on a partnership between CDOs, Detroit Housing & Revitalization Department and the Detroit Land Bank Authority.
- Detroit Future City’s Housing Compact has taken the lead to further develop this project concept during 2019–2020.
- At the 2018 Summit the City Engagement Task Force presented Policy Priorities: Call To Action to facilitate community development in Detroit neighborhoods. These policies focus primarily on affordability in housing and other living costs for residents.
2019 Task Force
- City Engagement Stakeholders